Recommendations for keeping a kitten.

Updated: May 21, 2021

This file contains basic recommendations for keeping a kitten.

If you do not find the information you are interested in, please contact me with any questions (including about vaccinations, exhibitions, breeding, and so on).

If you have any questions related to veterinary care, please let me know: often many problems can be solved without contacting a veterinarian.

I ask you to pay special attention to the last point and be sure to read it (the text is long, but quite detailed).

 

1. Feeding.

Depending on preference, feeding can be:

a) professional dry food (with the possible addition of canned food as a delicacy)

b) complete wet feed

c) natural food (food prepared especially for cats)

d) mixed (industrial feed + natural food)

I will analyze the first point in more detail, since kittens and adult cats in our cattery eat dry professional food.

• Dry food should only be super premium or holistic!

• Pour feed in small portions (so that the smell does not disappear).

• You need to feed the kitten 3-5 times a day, 2-3 times is enough for an adult animal.

• Feeding rates by weight and age are indicated on the package (most often the animal needs more feed)

• Fresh water should be freely available (preferably filtered). The optimal ratio is 1 part dry food to 3 parts water per day.

• Canned food (super premium or holistic) does not have to be the same brand as dry food.

• When adding canned food, an undesirable decrease in water consumption is possible.

• Wet food does not replace the water required for dry food!

• In case of insufficient water consumption, the development of urolithiasis (Urolithiasis) is possible.

 

2. Toilet question.

Cats bury their feces in nature, so I do not welcome training cats in a litter box (no filler) and even more so to a toilet bowl.

• The litter box should be large enough for the cat to roll freely in it.

• The depth of the tray for Russian blue cats is no more than 12 cm (with the height of the sides inclusive).

• It is possible to use a house tray, but you need to get used to it gradually.

• Any filler can be used (I prefer clay clumping litter: Van Cat, Euro Litter, Ever Clean, Happy Cat, etc.)

• Spread the lumpy filler in a layer of at least 4 cm to form a good lump.

 

3. Beds, houses, scratching posts.

Pet stores now have a wide variety of different beds and houses for every taste and color, but a cat may never sleep in a purchased bed and choose a completely different place to sleep.

One of the feline instincts is the sharpening of claws, which serves several functions:

1. Removal of the dead layer of the claw

2. Directly sharpening your "weapon"

3. Cat's mark (between the cat's fingers there are glands that spread over the surface and make it clear to other animals that the territory is occupied)

A scratching post must be purchased or made by yourself (it will protect furniture and wallpaper)!

The best option is a special play complex for a cat, which includes several scratching posts, a house, couches, hammocks, etc. (the equipment can be completely different: the choice is huge).

 

4. Hygiene.

Although Abyssinians and Russian blues are considered a fairly unpretentious breeds, there are still a few simple rules:

• The cat sometimes needs to be washed (under normal conditions, no more than once every six months), while using professional cosmetics for animals (Anju Beaute, All System, Groomers Goop, etc.). Be sure to wash before exhibitions 3 days in advance (shampoo + conditioner)!

• Every 2 weeks, you need to check the ears and clean them as needed (you should never get deep into the ear!). Before the exhibition, it is advisable to remove the inner "brushes" on the ears (I like using a regular disposable shaving machine).

• Wipe your eyes with a gauze swab as it gets dirty with boiled water (it is possible to use chamomile infusion).

• Clipping of nails is obligatory before exhibitions (use a special nail clipper).

• If small crusts form in the nose, gently soak them with warm water and remove.

• It is necessary to comb the coat during the shedding at least 1 time in 2-3 days, in normal conditions it is enough 1 time in 2 weeks (use a natural bristle brush and a special rubber massage brush to remove dead hairs).

• The coat of Russian blues should be loose, so it is advisable to scratch the cat, including against the growth of the coat.

 

5. Toys and dangers in the house (MUST READ!)

• Toys can be anything: balls, fishing rods and teasers, toys with or without catnip.

• I do not recommend foam balls, soft toys with padding polyester filling and small details.

• For toys with feathers or fishing line, beads and long strings, cut off anything the kitten can bite off or swallow.

• After playing with fishing rods or teasers, such toys must be removed, since swallowed strings, strings, beads, etc. are a common cause of the sad consequences of playing with such objects.

There are a lot of dangerous places for cats in our house, I will list some of them. (taken from the site http://takepet.ru/)

Windows and balconies

Many people believe that because cats land on their feet when falling, they are not dangerous at all. Nothing like this! Every year, thousands of cats are seriously injured or killed by jumping out of an open window or balcony. Of course, they land on their feet, but this does not always help them when falling. Yes, a cat can fall from the balcony and remain unharmed, but this is not always the case.

Make good sturdy window screens. Even a tiny hole not covered by a net is a big risk for a curious and energetic cat. Never let your cat go out onto the balcony. The hunting instinct will prevail over the fear of heights. A bird, butterfly, or fly can make your cat jump, and the result can be dire. Keeping an eye on a cat doesn't make much sense, because you are unlikely to have time to stop the cat. Do not leave it by an open window or balcony, even for a minute. When you go out to the balcony in winter, make sure you have not covered the cat there, it can easily freeze.

Vertical ventilation (oblique window) is also VERY dangerous: a curious cat can climb on its hind legs, stick its front body through the hole and hang itself.

Doors

Slamming a heavy door shut behind you can kill a small kitten and seriously injure an adult cat. When closing a door, always look back and close it carefully. You should not be allowed to mistakenly injure a kitten who is impatiently running after you and does not understand the danger. When entering the room where the kitten is, open the door slowly, as the kitten may be sitting right under the door.

In addition, small kittens often run headlong and get tangled underfoot, be careful not to step on them. It happens that kittens climb into slippers or under slippers unnoticed by their owner. When the owner tries to put on the slipper and stand up, he can crush the kitten.

Sofa bed

Fold and unfold the sofa bed with care. If you do this with sudden movements, you can injure the cat, which is curled up under the sheets. Little kittens often crawl under the couch or behind the couch, so you can crush them by folding or unfolding them.

Unstable furniture

When cats jump from below or from above onto a shelf or table, an astonishing force is exerted on these objects at the moment they land. Check your furniture! Click on the edge of each piece of furniture. If it rocks, strengthen it. Another type of danger is unstable items such as books and magazines that hang over the edge of the table. The cat, believing that they are securely fixed, jumps on their hanging edges, and then it all falls down together. Cabinets with drawers pulled out are also hardly stable. If the cat jumps on the box, it can knock the entire cabinet over.

Household chemicals

Be careful with your choice of cleaning agents. Cats are particularly susceptible to household chemical poisoning because they have a habit of grooming themselves thoroughly. They walk on a wet floor and then lick their paws and absorb the detergent you used to mop the floor. It goes without saying that chemicals (cleaning powders, poison moth balls, etc.) should be kept out of reach of the cat. Toilet bowl cleaners in the cistern are extremely dangerous for animals. Do not use these products, as cats can drink water from the toilet when you cannot see it.

Various small items

Cats love objects that they can chase after - buttons, pins, thumbtacks, parts for children's constructors, cogs, nuts, etc. They chase them with their paws and throw themselves at them. Also, small kittens are just like small children. try everything they see. Make sure that there are no objects on the floor in your house that the kitten can swallow and choke on. Close your sewing box.

Ropes, threads, ribbons and yarns

Threads, ropes, yarn, Christmas tree rain, tinsel, thin elastic bands - cats chew and swallow such items. For some reason they especially love rubber bands for banknotes. Swallowing strings or ropes can cause volvulus in the animal. Be careful, this has caused the death of many cats. Doctors very often cannot help if a cat has swallowed strings or something similar. After surgery and long-term treatment, the animal dies anyway.

If you find that the tip of the rope is protruding from the front or back of your cat, never pull on it! If the rope gets tangled in her guts, pulling it can cause internal damage to the cat. Instead, take the cat to the vet.

Dangers in the kitchen

Unsuitable food: smoked meats, mushrooms, hot cakes, spicy and spicy foods, etc. Many cats jump onto kitchen tables and try anything that doesn't lie well. They can even slide lids and rip bags if they are very attracted to the smell of food.

Kitchen Utensils - Cats lick and eat whatever tastes good to them. If you leave a knife on the kitchen table that you just used to cut meat, your cat will likely lick the blade and cut your tongue severely. The same goes for the blades of a meat grinder, food processor. Rinse the knives well immediately after use.

Bones from chickens, fish, pork, turkey and in general any small bones that can be easily chewed can attract a cat. These small bones can get stuck in the digestive tract if the cat swallows them and cause internal illness. Be sure to discard the bones in a trash can that your cat can't get into.

The hotplates of an electric stove can easily cause burns on the delicate cat's feet. Never let your cat jump onto the stove. I have had cases when cats independently turned on the glass ceramic hob with touch control, although for this you need to press three different buttons in a certain sequence and with a certain duration. Place pots of boiling water closer to the back of the stove to reduce the chance of scalding from hot steam.

Medicines

Never treat your cat with medications for humans, unless your veterinarian has advised you to do so. Some human medications can be toxic and even fatal to your cat. These precautions should be extended to prescribed medications. Cats are very fond of chasing pills and pills across the floor, but this can be fatal. Close the medicine jars with the lids and store them in a safe place.

Dangerous plants

There are surprisingly many plants that are toxic to cats in one way or another.

Other dangerous things:

Plastic bags - cats love them very much, but getting inside, the kitten can suffocate.

Wires (the kitten may chew on them and get an electric shock). Better to glue them with tape to the floor, in a special box, or hide them under the carpet.

Washing machine (the cat can choose it as a sleeping place). Check the machine before turning it on.

Car engines if you have a private house and a cat has access to the garage.

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